Interstate Wind System
Constructed over a 20 year period, the Interstate Wind System will generate all of the electricity that the US currently consumes, approximately 4,000 terrawatt hours. The Federal government is best placed to construct this system because of the system's cost, time span, and spatial characteristics. As shown in cost, the total cost over 20 years will be approximately 1.5 trillion dollars. Markets can handle neither the time scale nor the size of such an investment.
In addition, the spatial siting of the wind farms will be critical to using the Interstate Wind System as a base load for the country's electrical system. In other words, wind farms will have to be situated such that there enough wind farms receiving enough wind at any point in time that the supply of supply of electricity will be constant. The Interstate Wind System is an example of a system: the structure of the system is as important as its elements. The placement of the elements withing the system is critical to the functioning of the system. Only the government can design a system in which the structure is critical; markets cannot place the wind farms where they need to go, in terms of the country as a whole
Another important aspect of the design of the placement of wind farms is that by placing wind farms in the Great Plains, in particular, the destruction of ecosystems and birds and bats can be minimized, as well as any discomfort for people living in the immediate area of wind farms.