This category includes several of the issue areas in the American Society of Civil Engineers' (ASCE) Report card on the Infrastructure. Some of these, as in national parks, involve areas that are actually outside what is being referred to here as City Regions, but most of these issue areas involve ecosystems within city regions. There is also the larger issue of reviving ecosystems that have been damaged, or even creating large park-like areas, such as a proposed Buffalo Commons that would cover a large part of the Great Plains, or long wildlife corridors. Also, fish sanctuaries should be established to allow to oceans to repopulate.
Public parks and recreation
According to the American Society of Civil Engineers' report card on public parks and recreation, there is an $18.5 billion shortfall in funding. It is unclear if this is an annual shortfall. In addition, about $11 billion in needed repairs have not been done. Thus, we need $20 billion per year to keep parks and recreation at a high level of performance. A new Civilian Conservation Corps(CCC) could be established to improve parks and recreation areas. As in the original, a new CCC could include projects such as erosion control and planting of trees. While these activities actually might be more appropriately included as part of the production section of the Green New Deal, we can keep this as part of environmental reconstruction, since environmental reconstruction is related to production anyway -- and because all parts of the Green New Deal are related to each other, in any case.
In order to include these extra responsibilities of a CCC, let's add $10 billion more per year, so that we would be spending $30 billion per year. Assuming little need for manufacturing, say 5%, then 570,000 people could be employed, plus 30,000 more for manufacturing.
According to the ASCE, a 2004 study by the EPA estimated that $209 billion would be needed to clean up all hazardous sites in the next 30 to 35 years. Let's assume $10 billion per year for 20 years, although it is quite possible this is an underestimate. Then we have 200,000 jobs; let's assume less than normal manufacturing, since these jobs are mainly service jobs, so let's assume 20,000 manufacturing jobs.
According to the ASCE, solid waste management is one of the better infrastructure programs in the United States. However, the Green New Deal foresees the eventual elimination of solid waste. Therefore, money for solid waste improvement is part of the recycling program in the Green New Deal.